Passiflora edulis ‘Flavicarpa’ | ‘Flor das Cinco Chagas’, ‘Yellow Passion Fruit’ | Seeds
Passiflora edulis ‘Flavicarpa’ (syn. Passiflora edulis forma. flavicarpa, Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa) is an attractive fruit-producing vine originating from Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay (where it’s the national flower) and Peru. Commonly known as the ‘Yellow Passion Fruit’, it’s also called ‘Flor das Cinco Chagas’, ‘Golden Passion Fruit’, ‘Liliko’i’, ‘Lilikoi’ and ‘Maracujá Azedo’.
A fast-growing perennial flowering vine of the Passifloraceae family, edulis comes in two main forms: the smaller, purple-fruited species type, Passiflora edulis f. edulis (‘Purple Granadilla’) and the larger, yellow-fruited (and self-sterile) type listed here, Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa. Coils of straggly vines, up to roughly ten metres across/high, put forth numerous shiny, broadly serrated green leaves, while breathtakingly beautiful, white-purple-green flowers (fringed and up to seven and a half centimetres in diameter) appear from mid-spring to autumn and are generally located at the plant’s nodes. The fleshy, slightly-acid-but-sweet, round to ovoid fruit (more technically a berry) varies in colour dependent on the variety that produced it and grows up to roughly seven and a half centimetres in diameter.
Edulis is a useful food source for the larval stage of the Agraulis vanillae butterfly as well as for bees, which humans were quick to notice. We’ve been taking advantage of the plant and its products for many, many years, eating the fruit and its products and drinking the juice. In fact, it’s an important source of fibre (one fruit averages 42% of the Recommended Daily Allowance), iron (12% RDA), niacin (10% RDA), phosphorus (10% RDA), riboflavin (11% RDA) and vitamin C (36% RDA). It’s also often used commercially to improve the aroma of fruit juice drinks.
This species is quite easy to grow from seed or cuttings and – as with most other Passiflora species – will quickly go wild should it be allowed to! Naturally occurring in USDA Hardiness Zones 8-10, edulis prefers a sunny location in moderately wet, but well-drained, forest and shrub land – preferably in a tropical or semitropical (or at least frost-free) habitat. Plant in mildly acidic to neutral soil and water once the soil is dry. Space plants at least five metres apart to ensure they have enough room to grow.
All the seed sold by Arkham’s Botanical was freshly and ethically sourced